Discovering Newgrange and the Brú na Bóinne Sites in Ireland

Discovering Newgrange and the Brú na Bóinne Sites in Ireland

Newgrange Entrance to Passage Tomb
Newgrange Entrance to Passage Tomb

Key Takeaways:

  1. Newgrange: A 5,200-year-old passage tomb older than Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids.
  2. Brú na Bóinne: A UNESCO World Heritage Site encompassing Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth.
  3. Irish Heritage: These sites offer a deep dive into Ireland’s rich prehistoric culture.
  4. Outdoor Adventure: Ideal for hiking enthusiasts with trails and scenic views.
  5. Visitor Experience: Engaging tours and exhibitions for a comprehensive understanding.
  6. Cultural Significance: Insight into the spiritual and ceremonial importance of these ancient sites.

Exploring the Mysteries of Newgrange and Brú na Bóinne

Ireland, a land steeped in history and myth, offers some of the most captivating archaeological sites in the world. Among these, Newgrange and the Brú na Bóinne complex stand out for their incredible age, architectural sophistication, and profound cultural significance. These sites, located in County Meath, provide an enriching experience for those interested in hiking, Irish heritage, and ancient mysteries.

Winter solstice from inside the Newgrange passage tomb
Winter solstice from inside the Newgrange passage tomb

The Ancient Marvel of Newgrange

What is Newgrange?

Newgrange is a prehistoric monument constructed around 3200 BC, making it older than both Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids of Giza. This ancient passage tomb is renowned for its architectural ingenuity and astronomical alignment. Its massive circular mound is 85 meters in diameter and 13.5 meters high, covering an area of about one acre.

Impressive Engineering and craftsmanship

97 large kerbstones encircle the tomb, many adorned with intricate megalithic art. The most impressive of these is the entrance stone, celebrated for its elaborate Celtic swirls, symbols, and designs. As you journey through the long passage within the vast mound, you’ll notice it gradually rises into a central chamber. This chamber boasts a corbelled roof that has remained watertight for over five millennia, remarkably supporting an estimated 200,000 tonnes of stone and earth. Interestingly, the kerbstones were quarried from Clogherhead, located about 15 kilometres to the east and north of the monument.

Diagram of Newgrange Passage Tomb
Diagram of Newgrange Passage Tomb

Newgrange is aligned with the rising sun on the winter solstice. For a few days each year, sunlight floods the chamber, illuminating the intricate carvings inside. This astronomical alignment suggests that Newgrange was not merely a burial site but also a place of immense spiritual significance.

Winter Solstice creates magic in Newgrange.

Newgrange in the Boyne Valley

The central burial chamber is pitch-black nearly year-round because it is higher than the entrance. Above the door is an opening known as a roof box. Its purpose is to allow sunlight to penetrate the tomb to illuminate its inner chamber. This only occurs during Winter Solstice between the 18th and 23rd of December. On these dates, the sun rises over the hill at the proper position. This genuinely fantastic event brings many visitors to this historical attraction. Tens of thousands enter a draw each year for a limited number of tickets to enter the chamber during this time.

Newgrange Is Not The Highest Passage Tomb In Ireland

It isn’t the only passage tomb in Ireland, of course. Some 60km to the north, on top of Slieve Gullion, you will find the highest passage grave in Ireland. Slieve Gullion offers a fantastic walking route in one of our most famous hiking tours on the Cooley Peninsula and the Mourne Mountains.

The Brú na Bóinne Complex

Overview of Brú na Bóinne

Brú na Bóinne, meaning the “Palace of the Boyne,” is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. It comprises Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth, three of the most important prehistoric sites in Ireland. The complex lies within a bend of the River Boyne, adding to its scenic beauty and historical allure.

Knowth and Dowth

Knowth is perhaps as significant as Newgrange, boasting the largest collection of megalithic art in Western Europe. It consists of a large mound surrounded by 18 smaller satellite tombs. The passage tombs at Knowth are aligned with the equinoxes, highlighting the sophisticated understanding of astronomy by its builders.

Dowth, though less famous, is equally intriguing. Its two passages are aligned with the setting sun during the winter solstice, mirroring the solar alignments found at Newgrange. Excavations have revealed a wealth of artifacts, shedding light on the ritualistic practices of the time.

Hiking Through History

For hiking enthusiasts, the Brú na Bóinne complex offers a unique blend of physical activity and historical exploration. The lush landscape and the serene River Boyne provide a picturesque backdrop for your journey through time.

Cultural and Spiritual Insights

Visiting Newgrange and the Brú na Bóinne complex is not just a walk through history but a deep dive into the spiritual and cultural practices of ancient Ireland. The alignment of these structures with celestial events indicates a profound connection between the people and their natural environment.

Spiritual Significance

The winter solstice at Newgrange is particularly significant. It marks a time of rebirth and renewal, as the shortest day of the year gives way to increasing daylight. This event was likely a powerful symbol of hope and continuity for the ancient inhabitants.

Visitor Experience / Tours and Exhibitions

The Brú na Bóinne Visitor Centre is the gateway to exploring these remarkable sites. It offers:

  • Guided Tours: Knowledgeable guides provide detailed explanations of the history, architecture, and significance of Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth.
  • Interactive Exhibits: The centre features engaging displays that illustrate the construction techniques, astronomical alignments, and the daily lives of the people who built these monuments.
  • Multimedia Presentations: Films and interactive media bring the ancient past to life, making the experience accessible and engaging for all ages.

Practical Information / Getting There

The Brú na Bóinne complex is easily accessible from Dublin, located just 40 kilometres to the north. Regular bus services and guided tours operate from the city, making it a convenient day trip.

Opening Hours and Tickets

  • Opening Hours: The visitor centre is open year-round, with extended hours during the summer months.
  • Ticket Prices: Tickets can be purchased online or at the visitor centre. It’s advisable to book in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.

FAQ about Newgrange and Brú na Bóinne

What is the best time to visit Newgrange?

Visiting during the winter solstice offers a unique experience as the sunrise illuminates the chamber. However, participation in this event is determined through a lottery system.

Can I visit Newgrange without a guided tour?

No, access to Newgrange is only possible through guided tours organized by the Brú na Bóinne Visitor Centre.

Are there any restrictions for visitors?

Indeed, the sensitive nature of the sites necessitates restrictions on touching the ancient stones and carvings. Additionally, photography is limited within the tombs.

What should I wear for hiking around Brú na Bóinne?

Comfortable hiking boots, weather-appropriate clothing, and a waterproof jacket are recommended, as the Irish weather can be unpredictable.

Is there accommodation nearby?

Yes, there are several accommodation options ranging from charming bed and breakfasts to modern hotels in nearby towns like Drogheda and Navan.

How long should I plan for a visit?

A full day is ideal to explore Newgrange, Knowth, and Dowth, including time for guided tours and hiking the trails.


Newgrange and the Brú na Bóinne complex offer a captivating journey into Ireland’s ancient past. Whether you are a hiking enthusiast, a history buff, or someone with a keen interest in Irish culture and heritage, these sites provide a rich, immersive experience that is both educational and inspiring. From the remarkable architecture of the passage tombs to the stunning natural landscapes, a visit to Brú na Bóinne is a step back in time that will leave you with a deeper appreciation for Ireland’s prehistoric treasures.